The causes of malnutrition and poverty are different from countries. In developing countries, political, economic, and social crises are among the causes; while in developed countries, other reasons can be discussed. In the developing countries; the situation is still difficult sincere since the fund allocates to end hunger is unfairly shared. Therefore, the situation seems to worsen that before.
We need to understand the food insecurity in Africa. It is important to understand the context of the food system and its connections with the economic system in the African countries. Governments in Africa are usually focused on the improvement of the production; that principle ameliorates the quantity of food; but, not the quality. That kind of vision is unlikely.
As aforementioned in the previous posts; Malnutrition is a common term that includes overnutrition and undernutrition. The situation in the United states has been improved since 2015. Nevertheless, many people remain on the US government food program like Food stamp. In the developing countries; the situation is still difficult sincere since the fund allocates to end hunger is unfairly shared. Therefore, the situation seems to worsen that before.
Under-nutrition and Over-nutrition are both the types of malnutrition. Those two health considerations can be found in developing countries and developed countries as well. The situation is somehow well managed in developed countries where it is not rare to meet thousands of people in need including homelessness.
According to Jane Battersby (The Conversation); “Current policy focuses on alleviating undernutrition through increased production and access to food. It does not focus on the systemic issues that inform the food choices people make. This may result in worsening food insecurity in the region.
The thinking around food security in Africa is stuck, even though there are calls for a more nuanced understanding of the problem. The common thought is that the individual with the food insecurity is poor, hungry people who don’t have the means to grow or buy enough food.
The other misconception is that obese people are overweight or unhealthy because of what they eat; that they are at fault for making bad choices. This leads us to believe that people need nutrition education to help them make better choices, and that they deserve a healthy portion of the blame if they make poor ones.
Both understandings are wrong. Food insecurity is driven by the economics and the geographies of the food system.”
That seems to be easily understandable since the most cases of under-nutrition are reported in developing countries; while in developed country, the problem is almost over. In other side, Obesity is a real problem in those countries. Nevertheless, diseases associated with under-nutrition need to be taken into consideration. That said, under-nutrition and over-nutrition must be considered in addressing the malnutrition in general; including, allocating funds either under-nutrition or over-nutrition.
Obesity affects both rich and poor people. In the developed world, obesity rates are levelling off. But they continue to climb in the developing world. This has significant developmental outcomes. In 2010 overweight status and obesity caused about 3.4 million deaths, 3.9% of years of life lost and 3.8% of disability-adjusted life-years – a calculation of the number of years of life lost to ill health, disability or early death (Jane Battersby: The Conversation).
The same author states that: “Sub-Saharan Africa has the highest level of food insecurity in the world. An estimated 220 million people lack adequate nutrition. The nature of the problem is shifting rapidly, with overweight status and obesity emerging as new forms of food insecurity while malnutrition persists. But continental policy responses do not address this changing reality.
To properly address the issue; Governments must focus their attention on people and the entire system at the same time. when considering why people eat what they eat. Governments must also consider the effects when the good food policy is overridden by economic growth imperatives that support a food system dominated by highly processed foods (Jane Battersby The Conversation).
As aforementioned in the preceding post; the food security should not be defined by the quantity of food provided. Instead; the food security, should be defined by the quality of food used in association with clean drinking water and proper sanitation. Hygiene must be taken into consideration when providing food in rural communities in need.
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Mohamed Elmahady CAMARA

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