Lacks of Sanitation; Water and Hygiene problems are causing multiple health problems like toxic-infectious diseases. In healthcare, lack of water and sanitations could be devastating since they can provoke the proliferation of germs causing dangerous infectious diseases. Human life would be exposed as well without clean water and sanitation. In workplaces, wastes disposals are well controlled; that prevents people from getting communicable diseases in high-income countries.
Unsafe disposal of human waste, unsafe water and poor hygiene are associated with 3.5 percent of the total deaths in low- and middle-income countries and 3.7 percent of the DALY. Studies that have been done suggest that within the African region, about 85 percent of the DALYs from these risk factors are related to the oral-fecal route of disease transmission and to diarrheal disease, primarily among young children. These studies also suggest that schistosomiasis, in the water-based group, has the second largest loss of DALYs related to these risk factors in Africa (Richard Skolnik 2012).
In low income countries, it is difficult to ameliorate the water supply in some villages where there is a lack of appropriate transportation systems. Those areas should be a priority for government programs. Also, people are less educated in the knowledge of good hygiene. Therefore, an appropriate education program essentially focused on good hygiene should be implemented.
According to Richard Skolnik 2012; It is very complicated to try to assess individually the relative contribution of unsafe sanitation, unsafe water, and poor hygienic practices to the burden of diarrheal disease, partly because they are all so closely linked with each other. Nonetheless, both historical experiences in what are now the high-income countries and a number of studies in low- and middle-income countries suggest that improving water supply alone will not reduce diarrheal disease as needed. This seems to stem from the large amount of diarrhea that is associated with food that is unsafe and poor personal hygiene.
One of the simple sanitation technology is the building in the villages of latrines and their efficient uses. That method can drastically reduce the number oral fecal diseases. In big cities, new modern urban sewage systems must be built with a rigorous maintenance program. Richard Skolnik 2012 said: Promotion of improved sanitation can also be done with a public and private partnership and led by NGOs.
As aforementioned in the preceding post; the food security should not be defined by the quantity of food provided. Instead, it should be defined by the quality of food used in association with clean drinking water and proper sanitation. Hygiene must be taken into consideration when providing food in rural communities in need.
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Mohamed Elmahady CAMARA

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